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Department of Vocational & Technology Education

Brief

Brief on the Department of Vocational & Technology Education

ACADEMIC PATTERN

School:

School of Technology Education

Programme:

Vocational and Technology Education Programme

History of the Programme:

The Vocational and Technology Education Programme started as a unit of the then Science Education Programme in 1989/90 session with a degree programme in Electrical/Electronics Technology Education. Metalwork Technology Education was later introduced in 1997/98 session. The programme witnessed rapid expansions within the next few years that led to the introduction of Automobile Technology Education, Woodwork Technology Education, Building Technology Education, Agricultural Education and Business Education courses. At the beginning of 2003/2004 academic session, the then Science Education Programme was upgraded to the School of Technology Education Technology and Vocational programme became an autonomous Programme.

Vision:

In line with the vision of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University the Vocational and Technology Education Programme seeks to become a great centre of excellence from where qualitative technical and vocational teachers can be produced for the advancement of technology in Nigeria and the world at large.

Mission:

The mission of the Vocational and Technology Education Programme, of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, is to be a centre of excellence and provider of first choice in quality technical and vocational teacher education programme using well articulated facilities, well motivated and highly skilled human resources to meet the imperative needs of individual and the economy.

Degrees Awarded:

The Vocational and Technology Education Programme has a mandate to train highly skilled personnel in the various areas of Technical and Vocational Education for educational, industrial, and economic development of the nation. The programme currently awards B.Tech, M.Tech and PhD Degrees in the following areas of specializations:

      Agricultural Education

      Business Education (with options in Accounting and Management)

      Construction Technology Education (with options in Building, Drafting and Wood Technology)

      Electrical/Electronics Technology Education

      Mechanical Technology Education (with options in Automobile and Production Technology)

      Bachelor of Technology Degree in Agricultural Education

  

Course Curriculum

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Aim and Objectives

Aims and Objectives

The objectives of Agricultural Education Programme are, to:

  • provide a course of instruction and all necessary facilities and exposure for the pursuit and acquisition of learning and knowledge for services to humanity.
  • provide adequate educational foundation for interested graduates to pursue higher degree in Agricultural Education or other relevant areas in Education.
  • enable the student teachers acquire the fundamental knowledge of Agricultural Education concepts, principles, theories, laws and conceptual schemes;
  • enable the student teachers acquire necessary teaching and practical skills and other aspects of teaching methodology of their subject;
  • acquaint the student teachers with the ethics of teaching as profession and hence become professional Agriculture Educator;
  • develop positive values and attitudes for efficient discharge of their duty as teachers; and
  • provide adequate training for graduates to be self reliant and entrepreneuria

Programmes

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION PROGRAMMEIntroductionAgricultural Education is a teacher education programme for producing teachers of Basic Science, Agricultural Science, and General Agriculture for Secondary Schools and Colleges. Apart from knowledge of Agricultural Education, students are expected to acquire relevant skills, methods and values to succeed. To help them in understanding their students and carry out their work efficiently, they are exposed to the relevant general education courses such as Educational Psychology, foundations of education, curriculum studies, etc. They are also to be conversant with the industrial challenges in their respective fields of specialisation.Admission Requirements:Admission into this programme would be by Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and Direct Entry (DE) modes.Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME)Candidates must possess five (5) credit passes in English Language, Mathematics/Arithmetic, Biology/Agricultural Science/General Science and any other two relevant subjects at the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) or National Examination Council (NECO), National Business and Technical Examination Board (NABTEB), Teachers’ College Grade II Certificate, General Certificate Examination (GCE) at the Ordinary Level or its equivalent at not more than two (2) sittings and either of the followings;(a) an acceptable pass mark at the UTME conducted by the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) in English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Agricultural Science and any other relevant subject(b) NCE at Pass level (CGPA of less than 2.40) in Agriculture/Biology as a double major or in combination with other teaching subject but without a post graduation experienceDirect Entry (DE)Candidates seeking admission through this mode should, in addition to the UTME O’ Level requirements possess either of the followings;NCE with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Agriculture as a double majorNCE with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Biology and any other science subjectNCE at Pass level (CGPA of less than 2.40) in Agriculture/Biology as a double major or in combination with other teaching subject with at least two years post graduation experienceOND/ND with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Biology/Agriculture and any other science subject from a recognised Institution with at least two years post graduation experienceAdvanced Level passes at Credit level in Biology/Botany/Zoology/Agricultural Science, plus any other relevant subjectsCourse Credit SystemVocational and Technology Education Programme shall be run on a modularised system commonly referred to as Course Unit System. All courses should therefore be sub-divided into more or less self-sufficient and logically consistent packages that are taught within a semester and examined at the end of that particular semester. Credit weights should be attached to each course. One credit is equivalent to one hour per week per semester of 15 weeks of lectures or 2 hours of tutorials or 3 hours per week of laboratory/studio work per semester of 15 weeks. There should be one hour of tutorial for every four hours of lecture. Thus, a course of one credit unit should comprise 12 hours of lecture and three hours of tutorials. Laboratory practicals are very important in the training of the vocational and technology education graduates and must not be compromised. To reflect this importance of practical work, a minimum of 9 hours per week (3 credits) should be spent on students’ laboratory practicals. Furthermore, it is very important to determine performance of the student in the practical component of the programme. To achieve this, all the laboratory practicals have been lumped together to form a course which the student must pass. It is expected that the weighting given in the various courses be reflected in number and nature in the design of the experiments. These practicals must follow the trend in the current development of the Technology and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programmes.Duration of the ProgrammesThe minimum duration of programme under the discipline is five and four academic sessions for students admitted through the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and Direct Entry modes respectively. The maximum length of time allowed to obtain a degree in the Programme shall be fifteen semesters for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) students and twelve semesters for Direct Entry (DE) students. For extension beyond the maximum period, permission of Senate shall be required on the recommendation of the School.Transfer CandidatesStudents who transfer from other universities shall be credited with only those courses, deemed relevant to the programme, which they have already passed prior to their transfer. Students who transfer from other universities or changed course from within the university shall have his/her residency count at the level he/she commences active study the new programme. Such students whether on transfer or change of course shall be required to pass the minimum number of units specified for graduation for the number of sessions he/she has spent in the new programme; provided that no student shall spend less than two sessions (4 semesters) in order to earn a degree. Hence, programmes are enjoined to run comparable syllabi to enable students who transfer from one university to another transfer their credits wholly. Students whether on transfer or change of course shall have letter “T” added to his/her serial registration number. Appropriate decisions on transfer cases shall be subjected to the approval of Senate on the recommendation of the School.Graduation Requirements In addition to the general requirements for graduation at the University, students of Agricultural Education must earn a minimum of 159 credit units for the five years programme and 125 credit units in the case of the four years programme. However, in doing so, they should attain up to 70% attendance for a particular course to qualify for a degree in the programme. Every full-time student should be required to register for a minimum of 15 credit units per semester and a maximum of 24 credit units except for students on field experience. These field works may include industrial attachment, teaching practice and an undergraduate project report based on supervised research which are very crucial and must be used in degree classification. The minimum duration of teaching practice should be one whole semester and should be undertaken at the first semester 400 level. The minimum duration of industrial training should be one whole semester and two long vacations and should be broken into the following modules: Students’ Work Experience Programme I (SWEP I) at the long vacation of 200 level; Students’ Work Experience Programme II (SWEP II) at the long vacation of 300 level; and Students’ Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) at the second semester 400 level. Summary of the credit units’ requirements by level of study is presented in Table I.Table I: Graduation RequirementsLevel of StudyCredit Units4 Years5 Years100200300400500-4339TP/IT43383939TP/IT43TOTAL:125159Minimum Pass MarkThe ATBU Senate still awards Pass Degrees and considers Probation I/Probation II/Withdraw at below the CGPA of 1.00 based on the minimum pass mark of 40E for all undergraduate courses. Grade Point Average (GPA) Performance in any semester is reported in Grade Point Average. This is the average of weighted grade points earned in the courses taken during the semester. The Grade Point Average is obtained by multiplying the Grade Point average in each course by the number of Credit Units assigned to that course, and then summing these up and dividing by the total number of Credit Units taken for the semester.Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)This is defined as the weighted average of all the grade points obtained by the student from the time he/she joined the programme of study up to the time of computation. Thus, the CGPA is an indication of the student’s overall performance at any point in the training programme. To compute the Cumulative Grade Point Average, the total of Grade Points multiplied by the respective Credit Units for all the courses taken are added and then divided by the total Credit Units of all the courses taken. Detailed description of the scoring and grading system is presented in Table II.Table II: Scoring and Grading System(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi)(vii)Credit UnitsPercentage ScoresLetter GradeGrade Points (GP)Grade Point Average(GPA)Cumulative Grade Point Average(CGPA)Class of DegreeVary according to contact hours assigned to each course per week per semester, and according to workload carried by each student.70-100 60-69 50-59 45-49 40-44 0-39A B C D E F5 4 3 2 1 0Derived by dividing the product of (i) and (iv) by the total credit units.4.50-5.00 3.50-4.49 2.40-3.49 1.50-2.39 1.00-1.49 0-0.991st Class 2nd Class Upper 2nd Class Lower Third Class Pass Fail Degree ClassificationThe determination of the class of degree shall be based on the Cumulative Grade Point Average earned at the end of the programme as summarised in Table III. Table III: Degree ClassificationsCumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA)Class of Degree4.50 – 5.003.50 – 4.492.40 – 3.491.50 – 2.391.00 – 1.49First Class (Hons)Second Class Upper Division (Hons)Second Class Lower Division (Hons)Third Class (Hons)PassRepeating Failed Course Unit(s)Subject to the conditions for withdrawal and probation, student may be allowed to repeat the failed course unit(s) at the next available opportunity and the Grade Points earned at all attempts shall count towards the CGPA. ProbationAny candidate who earns less than 1.00 CGPA in any semester after his initial semester at the university is on probation. A student on probation is allowed to register for courses at the next higher level in addition to his/her probation level courses provided that: the maximum of 18 credit units per semester is not exceeded, and the pre-requisite courses for the higher level courses have been passed.WithdrawalAny candidate who obtains less than 1.00 CGPA for three consecutive semesters after his/her initial semester at the university is deemed to be withdrawn. Any candidate whose CGPA is below 0.25 at any point of his/her study is also deemed to be withdrawn. However, in order to minimize waste of human resources, consideration should be given to withdrawal from programme of study and possible transfer to other programmes within the same University.Techniques of Student AssessmentIn addition to continuous assessment, final examinations should normally be given at the end of each semester. Each course shall normally be completed and examined at the end of the semester in which it is offered. A written examination shall normally last a minimum of one hour per unit course. Continuous assessment shall be done through essays, tests, and practical exercises.(a) Scores from continuous assessment shall normally constitute 30 % of the final marks for courses which are primarily theoretical.(b) For courses which are partly practical and partly theoretical, scores from continuous assessment shall constitute 50% of the final marks.(c) For courses that are entirely practical, continuous assessment shall be based on a student’s practical work or reports and shall constitute 100 % of the final marks.Students’ Evaluation of CoursesThere should be an established avenue put in place offering opportunity to students to evaluate courses delivered to them at the end of each semester. This should be an integral component of the course credit system; serving as feedback mechanism for achieving the following:(a) Improvement in the effectiveness of course delivery.(b) Continual update of lecture materials to incorporate emerging new concepts.(c) Effective usage of teaching aids and tools to maximize impact of knowledge on students.(d) Improvement in students’ performance through effective delivery of tutorials, timely in presentation of continuous assessment and high quality examination.Maintenance of Curricular RelevanceUsing the benchmark as guide, the curriculum in each discipline shall be reviewed from time to time to determine the continued relevance and fitness of purpose. The National Universities Commission (NUC), in its role as the national quality assurance agency on university programmes, recommended that universities review their programme, at least once in five years, using the current quality assurance benchmark statements. Each curriculum review shall be done by a committee of staff senior enough and competent to carry out an effective review. The review shall include an assessment as to whether the goals and objectives of the programme as formulated are still relevant in dynamic professional and social contexts. Reviews shall endeavour to incorporate the opinions of relevant stakeholders such as students, staff, external examiners, employers, professional bodies, policy makers etc. Each curriculum so reviewed shall be subjected to consideration and approval at the levels of Programme, School Board, Academic Planning, and the University Senate.

Programmes

School:

School of Technology Education

Programme:

Vocational and Technology Education Programme

History of the Programme:

The Vocational and Technology Education Programme started as a unit of the then Science Education Programme in 1989/90 session with a degree programme in Electrical/Electronics Technology Education. Metalwork Technology Education was later introduced in 1997/98 session. The programme witnessed rapid expansions within the next few years that led to the introduction of Automobile Technology Education, Woodwork Technology Education, Building Technology Education, Agricultural Education and Business Education courses. At the beginning of 2003/2004 academic session, the then Science Education Programme was upgraded to the School of Technology Education Technology and Vocational programme became an autonomous Programme.

Vision:

In line with the vision of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University the Vocational and Technology Education Programme seeks to become a great centre of excellence from where qualitative technical and vocational teachers can be produced for the advancement of technology in Nigeria and the world at large.

Mission:

The mission of the Vocational and Technology Education Programme, of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, is to be a centre of excellence and provider of first choice in quality technical and vocational teacher education programme using well articulated facilities, well motivated and highly skilled human resources to meet the imperative needs of individual and the economy.

Degrees Awarded:

The Vocational and Technology Education Programme has a mandate to train highly skilled personnel in the various areas of Technical and Vocational Education for educational, industrial, and economic development of the nation. The programme currently awards B.Tech, M.Tech and PhD Degrees in the following areas of specializations:

      Agricultural Education

      Business Education (with options in Accounting and Management)

      Construction Technology Education (with options in Building, Drafting and Wood Technology)

      Electrical/Electronics Technology Education

      Mechanical Technology Education (with options in Automobile and Production Technology)

 

Philosophy

Philosophy

The philosophy for Bachelor of Technology B.Tech in Agricultural Education aims at a complete development of the individual student teachers to a committed and efficient breed of Agricultural Education teachers for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges; and high calibre professionals endowed with analytical and critical knowledge of the major sectors in contemporary business world to influence the development of a virile economy.

Admission Requirement

Admission Requirements:

Admission into this programme would be by Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) and Direct Entry (DE) modes.

 

Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME)

Candidates must possess five (5) credit passes in English Language, Mathematics/Arithmetic, Biology/Agricultural Science/General Science and any other two relevant subjects at the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) or National Examination Council (NECO), National Business and Technical Examination Board (NABTEB), Teachers’ College Grade II Certificate, General Certificate Examination (GCE) at the Ordinary Level or its equivalent at not more than two (2) sittings and either of the followings;

 

  • (a) an acceptable pass mark at the UTME conducted by the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) in English Language, Mathematics, Biology/Agricultural Science and any other relevant subject

 

  • (b) NCE at Pass level (CGPA of less than 2.40) in Agriculture/Biology as a double major or in combination with other teaching subject but without a post graduation experience

 

 

Direct Entry (DE)

Candidates seeking admission through this mode should, in addition to the UTME O’ Level requirements possess either of the followings;

 

  • NCE with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Agriculture as a double major

 

  • NCE with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Biology and any other science subject

 

  • NCE at Pass level (CGPA of less than 2.40) in Agriculture/Biology as a double major or in combination with other teaching subject with at least two years post graduation experience

 

  • OND/ND with at least an overall pass at Merit/ Lower Credit level (CGPA of not less than 2.40) in Biology/Agriculture and any other science subject from a recognised Institution with at least two years post graduation experience

 

Advanced Level passes at Credit level in Biology/Botany/Zoology/Agricultural Science, plus any other relevant subjects